Mobile Telephony

Tanzania - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
Tanzania - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
  • SKU: PB-RK-106 | Pages: 67 | Published: Jun-17
  • Published by: Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd

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Details: Executive summary
Tanzanias government orders suspension of licences to enforce IPOsThe government has actively embraced competition in the telecom market, and has encouraged the private sector despite it having retaken control of the incumbent telco TTCL in June 2016. Foreign participation has also been encouraged to promote economic growth and social development. Policy reforms have led to the telecom sector becoming among the most liberal in Africa. However, high import tariffs on telecoms equipment and taxes on telephone facilities by various authorities are still placing a burden on investors and operators.
Tanzania has two fixed-line operators (TTCL and Zantel) and eight operational mobile networks, with four additional players licensed under a new converged regulatory regime. With four major operators - Vodacom, Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain), Tigo and Zantel - mobile penetration has reached 83% by March 2017. In recent years a price war among these players has adversely affected the smaller operators, which have suffered from customer churn.
The converged licensing regime has brought a large number of new players into the market. The liberalisation of Voice-over-Internet Protocol (VoIP) telephony as well as the introduction of third and fourth generation (3G, LTE) mobile services and wireless broadband networks has boosting the internet sector which has been otherwise hampered by the low level of development of the traditional fixed-line network.
Following the launch of mobile broadband services the mobile network operators have become the leading internet service providers. Operators are hoping for revenue growth in the mobile data services market, given that the voice market is almost entirely prepaid and voice ARPU continues to fall. To this end they have invested in network upgrades. A fast developing source of revenue is from mobile money transfer and m-banking services.
The landing of the first fibre optic international submarine cables in the country in recent years has revolutionised the market which up to that point entirely depended on expensive satellite connections. In parallel, the government is working on the later phases of a national fibre backbone network aimed at connecting population centres around the country.
The government has become more determined to manage the telecom sector more effectively. It has cracked down on counterfeit smartphones, which were thought to account for up to 30% of devices in circulation at the start of the campaign, while in early 2016 the telecom regulators board was dismissed after it had failed to update the Telecommunications Traffic Monitoring System (TTMS). This system was expected to deliver up to TZS400 billion to the government annually. In late 2016 a new tax collection system was launched to help generate revenue from telecom services.
The government in September completed a long-term process to reacquire TTCL, buying out the 35% stake owned by Bharti Airtel. Since then TTCL has undergone a restricting exercise and has secured financing to improve its network infrastructure.
Market penetration rates in Tanzanias telecoms sector - 2016
MarketPenetration rate
Fixed-line telephony0.2%
Internet users39%
Mobile SIM (population)83%
Key developments:
Government orders suspension of licences to telcos failing to list 25% of shares on the stock market;
Halotel Tanzania launches Halopesa m-banking service;
TTCL enters m-money market, invests $271 million to upgrade exchanges;
Liquid Telecom acquires the ISP Startel Tanzania;
GSMA initiates rural tower sharing partnership to provide services to rural areas;
TTCL extends LTE-A service;
Mobile Number Portability introduced in March 2017;
Government sets up Telecommunications Revenue Assurance System (TRASS) to improve telecom tax raising ability;
Telecom regulator in March 2017 fined mobile operators for failing to register SIM cards;
TTCL secures TZS600 billion loan to enable it to improve its telecom infrastructure and services in rural areas;
Vodacom Tanzania updated M-Pesa service with its G2 platform;
Tanzanian MNOs improve on full m-money interoperability;
Regulator sets voice interconnection rates to 2017;
Government allocates TZS17.5 billion to improve rural telecom infrastructure;
Report update includes regulators market data to March 2017, operator data to Q1 2017, recent market developments.Companies mentioned in this report:Tanzania Telecommunications Company (TTCL); Zanzibar Telecommunications Corporation (Zantel); Vodacom Tanzania; Bharti Airtel (Zain); Millicom (Tigo); Benson Informatics Limited (BOL); Sasatel (Dovetel); Africa Online; Raha.com; Tele2; Alink; SatCom Networks; SimbaNet; Afsat; Cats-Net.


Table of Contents:


1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market analysis
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Regulatory authority
5.2 National Telecommunications Policy 1997
5.3 National ICT Policy
5.4 Regulatory overhaul
5.5 Electronic and Postal Communication Act 2010
5.6 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.6.1 Converged licensing framework (CLF)
5.6.2 International gateways
5.7 Interconnection
5.8 Universal Communication Services Access Fund (UCSAF)
5.9 Foreign ownership restrictions
5.10 SIM card registration
5.11 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
5.12 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 TTCL
6.1.1 Privatisation and exclusivity period 2000-2005
6.1.2 SaskTel management contract 2007-2009
6.1.3 Future direction
6.2 Zantel
6.3 BOL (Smart)
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 TTCLs fixed-line network
7.2 Wireless local loop (WLL)
7.3 Private networks
7.4 National fibre backbone
8. International infrastructure
8.1 Submarine fibre
8.2 Satellite
8.3 Terrestrial
9. Broadband market
9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
9.1.1 Market analysis
9.1.2 Broadband statistics
9.1.3 Public internet access locations
9.1.4 ISP market
9.1.5 Tanzania Internet Exchange (TIX, AIXP)
9.1.6 ccTLD management
9.2 Broadband infrastructure
9.2.1 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
9.2.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks
9.2.3 EV-DO
9.2.4 Fixed wireless (WiMAX, WiBro, Wi-Fi)
9.2.5 Satellite broadband
10. Digital economy
10.1 E-health
10.2 E-learning
11. Digital media
11.1 Digital TV developments
12. Mobile market
12.1 Market analysis
12.2 Mobile statistics
12.2.1 Mobile data services
12.2.2 Mobile broadband
12.2.3 Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2018; 2020; 2022
12.3 Regulatory issues
12.3.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
12.3.2 Quality of Service
12.3.3 Spectrum auctions
12.3.4 Tariffs
12.3.5 International roaming
12.3.6 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
12.3.7 Network sharing
12.3.8 Roaming
12.4 Mobile infrastructure
12.4.1 Digital networks
12.5 Other infrastructure developments
12.5.1 Mobile satellite services
12.5.2 Tower infrastructure
12.5.3 Voice-over-LTE (VoLTE)
12.6 Major mobile operators
12.6.1 TTCL Mobile
12.6.2 Vodacom Tanzania
12.6.3 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
12.6.4 Millicom Tanzania (Mobitel, Tigo)
12.6.5 Zanzibar Telecommunication (Zantel)
12.6.6 Halotel (Viettel Tanzania0
12.6.7 Mobile Virtual network Operators (MVNOs)
12.7 Mobile content and applications
12.7.1 Money transfer, m-banking
12.7.2 Mobile TV
12.7.3 M-health
12.8 Handsets
13. Related reports
Table 1 - Country statistics Tanzania - 2016 (e)
Table 2 - Fixed-line network statistics - 2017 (Mar)
Table 3 - Internet provider statistics - 2017
Table 4 - Internet user statistics - 2016 (e)
Table 5 - Mobile statistics - 2017 (Mar)
Table 6 - National telecommunications authority
Table 7 - Interconnection rates - 2012- 2017
Table 8 - TTCL financial data - 2010; 2012 - 2014
Table 9 - BOL (Smart) mobile subscribers - 2015 - 2017
Table 10 - Historic - Fixed lines in service by operator and teledensity - 1999 - 2009
Table 11 - Fixed lines in service by operator and teledensity - 2010 - 2018
Table 12 - TTCL fixed lines in service - 2010- 2017
Table 13 - Fixed lines in service - 1995 - 2017
Table 14 - International bandwidth - 2001 - 2015
Table 15 - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
Table 16 - Internet users and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
Table 17 - Internet users and penetration rate - 2005 - 2017
Table 18 - Historic - Fixed-line internet subscribers - 2001 - 2017
Table 19 - Fixed-line broadband subscribers - 2005 - 2017
Table 20 - Cable modem broadband subscribers - 2005 - 2016
Table 21 - Fixed wireless internet subscribers - 2011 - 2017
Table 22 - Pay TV subscribers by platform - 2010 - 2016
Table 23 - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2009
Table 24 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
Table 25 - Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator - 2011 - 2016
Table 26 - Average use of services per subscriber - 2012 - 2017
Table 27 - SMS traffic - 2012 - 2017
Table 28 - Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate - 2008 - 2016
Table 29 - Mobile internet subscribers - 2011 - 2016
Table 30 - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2018; 2020; 2022
Table 31 - Average mobile tariffs - 2005 - 2016
Table 32 - TTCL mobile subscribers - 2006 - 2017
Table 33 - Vodacom Tanzania subscribers - 2000 - 2017
Table 34 - Vodacom Tanzania data subscribers - 2013 - 2016
Table 35 - Vodacom Tanzania ARPU ($) - 2003 - 2014
Table 36 - Vodacom Tanzania ARPU (TZS) - 2011 - 2016
Table 37 - Airtel subscribers - 2002 - 2017
Table 38 - Zain Tanzania ARPU - 2002 - 2009
Table 39 - Millicom Tanzania mobile subscribers - 2000 - 2017
Table 40 - Zantel mobile subscribers - 2000 - 2017
Table 41 -Halotel mobile subscribers - 2015 - 2017
Table 42 - Mobile money subscriptions by operator- 2015 - 2017
Chart 1- Fixed lines in service by operator and teledensity - 2005 - 20189
Chart 2 - Pay TV subscribers by platform - 2010 - 2016
Chart 3 - Mobile subscribers in Tanzania - 2005 - 2018
Exhibit 1 - Emergency rescue scheme for Lake Victoria