Mobile Telephony

Kenya - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
Kenya - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
  • SKU: PB-RK-76 | Pages: 121 | Published: Apr-17
  • Published by: Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd

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Details: Kenyas telecom regulator looks closely at Safaricoms market dominanceKenyas telecommunications market continues to undergo considerable changes resulting from increased competition, improved international connectivity and rapid developments in the mobile market. The wholesale price for broadband has fallen dramatically in recent, benefitting consumers in both the fixed and mobile segments. The incumbent fixed-line telco, Telkom Kenya, which was managed by Orange Group from 2007 until it was sold to Helios in November 2015, has struggled to make headway in the competitive market.
The broadband market has been transformed by a combination of increased investments in network upgrades among the key providers. A number of major FttP rollouts have been undertaken, which have pushed fast broadband connectivity to a greater number of subscribers. Most broadband subscribers remain on mobile networks. These are being migrated from the dominant 3G segment to LTE as this technology is built out by operators. A range of services including video streaming, e-commerce, e-learning and e-government are evolving rapidly on the back of this improved infrastructure.
Kenyas mobile market has continued to grow steadily, supported by a mobile subscriber base of about 39 8 million by early 2017. Some market consolidation occurred following the acquisition by Airtel and Safaricom of Essar Telecoms yuMobile business. While all network operators have invested in mobile technologies and infrastructure upgrades to support mobile data services, competition has nevertheless presented challenges to their profitability, with uneven revenue growth reported in recent years. While Orange Group was the principal casualty of competition, leading it to sell its stake in Telkom Kenya, Safaricom has seen very strong growth on the back of its popular M-PESA payment platform. This market dominance, however, has encouraged the government to consider recommendations from a report commissioned by the regulator in late 2016 that Safaricom split -off its M-PESA business.
To encourage the development of LTE services the government has pursued an open-access approach. Disputes centered on licence fees delayed the launch of LTE services by MNOs, though they continued to invest in infrastructure and technology upgrades using trial licences.
A number of MVNO licences awarded since 2014 have added to the competitive mix, with Equitel establishing a market share of about 3.8% by early 2017.
Key developments:

Government commits KES300 to its free Wi-Fi project;
Government cuts back on scale of second phase national broadband network project;
Universal Service Fund extends mobile coverage to underserved northern regions;
Orange Group sells its holding in Telkom Kenya to Helios;
Airtel begins trialling LTE;
Treasury launches its M-Akiba platform to buy and sell government bonds;
Orange Money platform to be revamped and relaunched by end-2017;
Safaricom contracts Nokia Networks to develop LTE-A network;
One Network Area initiative expands to include mobile data and mobile money services;
Regulator reviews framework for QoS surveys;
Nairobi County to connect all 85 public secondary schools with Wi-Fi;
Report update includes the regulators market data to December 2016, operator data to Q4 2016, recent market developments.Companies mentioned in this report:
Telkom Kenya (Orange Kenya), Kenya Data Networks (KDN), Jamii Telecom, SimbaNet, Africa Online, Access Kenya (Dimension Data), Wananchi Online, MTN Business Kenya (UUNet), Swift Global, Internet Solutions Kenya (InterConnect), Safaricom (IGO Wireless, OneCom, Vodafone), Gilat Satellite Networks, Afsat Communications, Inmarsat, Indigo Telecom (Thuraya), Nation TV (NTV), KenTV, Liquid Telecom, Kenya Data Networks (KDN), Kenya Power and Lighting Company (KPLC), Kenya Pipeline Corporation (KPC), Bharti Airtel, MTN, Essar Telecom Kenya (yuMobile, formerly Econet), Huawei Technologies, ZTE, Alcatel-Lucent, Nokia Networks.


Table of Contents:


1. Key statistics
1.1 Country overview
2. Telecommunications market
2.1 Overview of Kenyas telecom market
3. Regulatory Environment
3.1 Kenya Communications Act 1998
3.2 Regulatory authority
3.3 Revised Telecommunications Market Structure 2004
3.4 Kenya Communications Amendment Act 2009
3.5 Licence fees
3.6 Universal Service Fund (USF)
3.7 Tariff regulation
3.8 Interconnection
3.9 Number portability
3.10 Spectrum auctions
3.11 Foreign ownership
3.12 Dominant market player designation
3.13 Telecom sector liberalisation
3.14 Privatisation of Telkom
3.14.1 First attempt fails in 2001
3.14.2 Pre-privatisation financial position
3.14.3 Privatisation - 2007
3.15 Regional telecom licences
3.16 Second national operator (SNO) licensing
3.16.1 First attempt fails in 2004
3.16.2 Second attempt fails in 2007
3.17 International gateway licences
3.18 VoIP telephony
3.19 Unified licensing regime
4. Fixed Network Operators
4.1 Telkom Kenya
4.1.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
4.1.2 Tariffs
4.2 Fixed-wireless operators
4.3 Liquid Telecom Kenya (KDN)
4.4 Jamii Telecom
4.5 AccessKenya
5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
5.2 National Optic Fibre Backbone Infrastructure (NOFBI)
5.3 Liquid Telecom
5.4 Kenya Power and Lighting Company (KPLC)
5.5 Kenya Pipeline Corporation (KPC)
5.6 Safaricom
5.7 MTN
5.8 Fibre infrastructure sharing
5.9 Data centres
5.10 International infrastructure
5.11 Satellite
5.12 Terrestrial fibre
5.13 Submarine fibre
5.13.1 EASSy
5.13.2 TEAMS
5.13.3 SeaCom
5.13.4 LION-2
5.13.5 DARE
5.13.6 Other projects
6. Broadband Market
6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
6.2 Market analysis
6.3 Internet backbone infrastructure
6.3.1 Telkom Kenya, JamboNet
6.3.2 Alternative data carriers
6.3.3 Public data network operators (PDNO)
6.4 Broadband statistics
6.5 Forecasts - broadband subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
6.6 Public internet access locations
6.6.1 Digital Villages
6.6.2 Internet for Schools
6.7 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
6.8 Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
6.9 Kenya Network Information Centre (KENIC)
6.10 National broadband strategy
6.11 TV white space
6.12 ISP market
6.12.1 Africa Online Kenya
6.12.2 AccessKenya (Dimension Data)
6.12.3 Wananchi Online
6.12.4 MTN Business Kenya (formerly UUNet)
6.12.5 Swift Global (KDN)
6.12.6 InterConnect, Internet Solutions Kenya
6.12.7 Telkom Kenya
6.13 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
6.14 Other fixed broadband services
6.15 Wireless broadband
6.15.1 Wi-Fi
6.15.2 WiMAX
6.16 Broadband via satellite
6.17 Leased lines
7. Digital Economy
7.1 E-learning
7.1.1 National research and education network (NREN)
7.2 E-commerce
7.3 E-government
8. Digital Media
8.1 Communications: VoIP
8.1.1 New VoIP guidelines
8.1.2 VoIP licences
8.2 Video streaming
8.3 Digital TV
9. Mobile Communications
9.1 Overview of Kenyas mobile market
9.1.1 General statistics
9.1.2 Mobile voice
9.1.3 Mobile data
9.1.4 Mobile broadband
9.1.5 Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2018; 2020; 2022
9.2 Regulatory issues
9.2.1 Roaming
9.2.2 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
9.2.3 International gateways
9.2.4 Spectrum
9.2.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
9.2.6 Network sharing
9.2.7 Quality of Service (QoS) control
9.2.8 SIM card registration
9.2.9 Taxes
9.2.10 Tariff regulation
9.3 Mobile infrastructure
9.3.1 Analogue networks
9.3.2 Digital networks
9.3.3 Other infrastructure developments
9.3.4 Satellite mobile
9.4 Major mobile operators
9.4.1 Mobile market shares
9.4.2 Safaricom
9.4.3 Bharti Airtel Kenya (formerly Zain, Celtel, KenCell)
9.4.4 Essar Telecom Kenya (yuMobile, formerly Econet)
9.4.5 Telkom Kenya (Orange Kenya)
9.4.6 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
9.5 Mobile content and applications
9.5.1 Mobile money transfer, m-banking
9.5.2 PesaLink
9.5.3 Mobile TV
9.5.4 M-medicine
9.5.5 Satellite mobile
9.6 Handsets
Table 1 - Country statistics Kenya - 2016 (e)
Table 2 - Fixed-line statistics - 2016
Table 3 - Internet provider statistics - 2017
Table 4 - Internet user statistics - 2016
Table 5 - Mobile statistics - 2016
Table 6 - National telecommunications authority
Table 7 - Telecom sector revenue in Kenya - 2007 - 2016
Table 8 - Telkom fixed-line subscribers - 2008 - 2016
Table 9 - Fixed-wireless subscriptions in Kenya - 2007 - 2016
Table 10 - Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Kenya - 1999 - 2009
Table 11 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Kenya - 2010 - 2018
Table 12 - International bandwidth in Kenya - 2000 - 2016
Table 13 - International bandwidth capacity by platform - 2013 - 2016
Table 14 - International bandwidth used - 2013 - 2016
Table 15 - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Kenya - 1999 - 2009
Table 16 - Internet users and penetration rate in Kenya - 2010 - 2016
Table 17 - Internet subscriptions - 2010 - 2018
Table 18 - Wireless internet subscriptions by access technology - 2010 - 2016
Table 19 - Fixed-line broadband subscriptions by access technology - 2010 - 2016
Table 20 - Broadband subscriptions - 2014 - 2018
Table 21 - Internet services revenue and investments - 2009 - 2015
Table 22 - Forecast fixed broadband subscribers - 2018; 2020; 2022
Table 23 - Fibre broadband subscribers - 2011 - 2016
Table 24 - Prepaid and contract mobile subscribers - 2014- 2016
Table 25 - Mobile services revenue and investments - 2008- 2015
Table 26 -Mobile traffic share by operator - 2014 - 2016
Table 27 -Mobile subscriber market share by operator - 2012 - 2016
Table 28 - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Kenya - 1999 - 2009
Table 29 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Kenya - 2010 - 2018
Table 30 - SMS traffic - 2012 - 2016
Table 31 - MMS traffic - 2012 - 2015
Table 32 - Mobile internet subscribers by provider - 2013 - 2015
Table 33 - Mobile internet market share by provider - 2014 - 2016
Table 34 - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2015
Table 35 - Mobile data subscribers - 2015 - 2016
Table 36 - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2018; 2020; 2022
Table 37 - Mobile number portings - 2013- 2016
Table 38 - 2G Mobile base stations by operator - 2012- 2016
Table 39 - 3G Mobile base stations by operator - 2012- 2016
Table 40 - Market share of subscribers by operator - 2010 - 2016
Table 41 - Safaricom subscribers - 2010 - 2016
Table 42 - Safaricom revenue - 2011 - 2017
Table 43 - Safaricom revenue by sector - 2010 - 2017
Table 44 - Safaricom - proportion of revenue by sector - 2014 - 2017
Table 45 - Safaricom base stations by technology - 2013 - 2016
Table 46 - Airtel Kenya subscribers - 2010 - 2016
Table 47 - Historic - Essar Telecom subscribers - 2010 - 2014
Table 48 - Orange Kenya revenue - 2010 - 2014
Table 49 - Orange Kenya mobile subscribers - 2011 - 2016
Table 50 - Equitel mobile subscribers - 2014 - 2016
Table 51 - Mobile money transfer statistics - 2011 - 2016
Table 52 - Safaricom - M-PESA revenue - 2008 - 2017
Table 53 - Safaricom - active M-PESA customers - 2012 - 2016
Table 54 - Safaricom -M-PESA transactions value by type - 2011 - 2017
Chart 1 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2005 - 2018
Chart 2 - Internet users and penetration rate in Kenya - 2005 - 2016
Chart 3 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Kenya - 2005 - 2018
Chart 4 - Market share of subscribers by operator - 2010 - 2016
Exhibit 1 - Definitions - video streaming and IPTV
Exhibit 2 - Job offers by SMS
Exhibit 3 - Texting elephants