Mobile Telephony

HetNet Ecosystem (Small Cells, Carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN & DAS): 2017 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts
HetNet Ecosystem (Small Cells, Carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN & DAS): 2017 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts
  • SKU: SNS-125 | Pages: 1000 | Date Published: 19-Jun-2017
  • Published by: SNS Research

Price:   Starting at: $2,500.00

Add to Cart:         

Please Choose:



Details: Driven by the growing demand for in-building wireless coverage and the huge influx of mobile data traffic, conventional macrocells alone are no longer deemed sufficient to handle the needs of today's wireless subscribers. In addition, the imminent adoption of centimeter and millimeter wave spectrum, to support higher data rates in 5G networks, necessitates the usage of much smaller cell sizes.

To cope with growing capacity and coverage requirements, mobile operators are significantly increasing their investments in a variety of Heterogeneous Network or HetNet infrastructure technologies such as strategically deployed small cells, carrier Wi-Fi and DAS (Distributed Antenna System) networks. Adding further to the heterogeneity is the shift towards C-RAN (Centralized RAN) architecture, where centralized baseband functionality is shared across a large number of distributed radio nodes to deliver benefits such as resource pooling, multi-cell coordination, network extensibility and energy efficiency.

SNS Research estimates that global investments on small cells, carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN and DAS will reach more than $15 Billion by the end of 2017, as mobile operators remain committed to tackle the continued growth of mobile data traffic and evolving coverage requirements. At present, the HetNet market is facing a paradigm shift with multiple advancements ranging from small cell virtualization and neutral hosting to the adoption of unlicensed and shared spectrum. In conjunction with 5G and LTE Advanced network rollouts, these advancements will fuel the market to grow at a CAGR of over 18% between 2017 and 2020.

The 'HetNet Ecosystem (Small Cells, Carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN & DAS): 2017 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts' report presents an in-depth assessment of the HetNet ecosystem including enabling technologies, key trends, market drivers, challenges, standardization, regulatory landscape, deployment models, use cases, vertical markets, service provider case studies, opportunities, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also presents forecasts for HetNet infrastructure investments from 2017 till 2030. The forecasts cover 6 individual submarkets and 6 regions.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

Topics Covered
The report covers the following topics:
- HetNet ecosystem
- Market drivers and barriers
- Enabling technologies and key architectural components for small cells, carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN and DAS
- Integration, offloading and SON (Self-Organizing Network) technologies
- Key trends including RAN disaggregation; small cell virtualization; unlicensed and shared spectrum usage; and neutral hosting
- Complementary technologies and concepts including millimeter wave radio access; MEC (Mobile Edge Computing); FWA (Fixed Wireless Access); control and user plane separation; and network slicing
- Small cell backhaul and C-RAN fronthaul technologies
- HetNet use cases and deployment models including SCaaS (Small Cells-as-a-Service)
- Enterprise RAN; rural small cells; and tactical small cells for military and public safety applications
- Over 30 case studies of service provider HetNet deployments
- Regulatory landscape and standardization
- Industry roadmap and value chain
- Profiles and strategies of over 500 leading ecosystem players
- Strategic recommendations for HetNet infrastructure vendors and mobile operators
- Market analysis and forecasts from 2017 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation
Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:
Small Cells
Air Interface Technology Segmentation
- 2G & 3G
- LTE
- 5G NR (New Radio)

Deployment Model Segmentation
- Indoor
- Outdoor

RAN Architecture Segmentation
- Standalone
- C-RAN

Use Case Segmentation
- Residential
- Enterprise
- Urban
- Rural & Suburban

Cell Size Segmentation
- Femtocells
- Picocells
- Microcells

Small Cell Backhaul
Technology Segmentation
- DSL
- Ethernet
- Microwave
- Millimeter Wave
- Satellite
- Fiber & Others

Carrier Wi-Fi
Submarket Segmentation
- Access Points
- Access Point Controllers

Integration Approach Segmentation
- Standalone Wi-Fi Hotspots
- Managed Wi-Fi Offload

C-RAN
Air Interface Technology Segmentation
- 3G & LTE
- 5G NR

Deployment Model Segmentation
- Indoor
- Outdoor

Cell Size Segmentation
- Small Cells
- Macrocells

Submarket Segmentation
- BBUs (Baseband Units)
- RRHs (Remote Radio Heads)

C-RAN Fronthaul
Technology Segmentation
- Dedicated Fiber
- WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing)
- OTN (Optical Transport Network)
- PON (Passive Optical Network)
- Ethernet
- Microwave
- Millimeter Wave
- G.Fast & Others

DAS
Deployment Model Segmentation
- Indoor
- Outdoor

Regional Markets
- Asia Pacific
- Eastern Europe
- Latin & Central America
- Middle East & Africa
- North America
- Western Europe

Key Questions Answered
The report provides answers to the following key questions:
- How big is the HetNet opportunity?
- What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
- How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?
- What will the market size be in 2020 and at what rate will it grow?
- Which submarkets will see the highest percentage of growth?
- How can HetNet infrastructure investments improve wireless coverage and alleviate congestion in mobile operator networks?
- Can virtualized small cells reduce the TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) of HetNet deployments?
- How are mobile operators leveraging small cells to deliver cost-effective wireless coverage in rural areas?
- What is the commercial status of unlicensed and shared spectrum technologies?
- How are small cell, DAS and Wi-Fi specialists addressing requirements for multi-operator neutral host networks?
- What are the prospects of microwave and millimeter wave transport networking platforms for small cell backhaul and C-RAN fronthaul?
- Will mobile operators adopt WiGig and other non-3GPP technologies to complement 5G network rollouts?
- Who are the key market players, what is their market share and what are their strategies?
- What strategies should HetNet infrastructure vendors and mobile operators adopt to remain competitive?

Key Findings
The report has the following key findings:
- SNS Research estimates that global investments on small cells, carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN and DAS will reach more than $15 Billion by the end of 2017, as mobile operators remain committed to tackle the continued growth of mobile data traffic and evolving coverage requirements.
- At present, the HetNet market is facing a paradigm shift with multiple advancements ranging from small cell virtualization and neutral hosting to the adoption of unlicensed and shared spectrum.
- In conjunction with 5G and LTE Advanced network rollouts, these advancements will fuel the market to grow at a CAGR of over 18% between 2017 and 2020.
- By virtualizing small cells, mobile operators can immediately evaluate the benefits of RAN virtualization with no major impact on their larger macrocell RAN footprint. SNS research estimates that global spending on virtualized small cells will surpass $1 Billion annually by 2020.
- Unlicensed and shared spectrum small cells are also beginning to gain traction, with shipment revenues potentially reaching $240 Million by the end of 2020.
- The vendor arena is continuing to consolidate with several prominent M&A deals such as CCI's (Communication Components, Inc.) acquisition of BLiNQ Networks and Mavenir's merger with Ranzure Networks.


Table of Contents

1 Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1 Executive Summary
1.2 Topics Covered
1.3 Forecast Segmentation
1.4 Key Questions Answered
1.5 Key Findings
1.6 Methodology
1.7 Target Audience
1.8 Companies & Organizations Mentioned

2 Chapter 2: An Overview of Small Cells, Carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN & DAS
2.1 An Evolving Heterogeneous Networking Ecosystem
2.1.1 The Growing Demand for Mobile Broadband
2.1.2 Is LTE the Answer to All Capacity Problems?
2.1.3 HetNets: An Evolution of Network Topology
2.2 Small Cells
2.2.1 What Are Small Cells?
2.2.2 Why Deploy Small Cells?
2.2.3 Small Cell Categories
2.2.3.1 Femtocells
2.2.3.2 Picocells
2.2.3.3 Microcells
2.3 Carrier Wi-Fi
2.3.1 Carrier Wi-Fi Integration Approaches
2.3.2 Standalone Hotspots
2.3.3 Managed Offload
2.3.3.1 SIM-Based Wi-Fi Offload
2.3.3.2 RAN Integrated Wi-Fi Access
2.4 C-RAN (Centralized RAN)
2.4.1 What is C-RAN?
2.4.2 Architectural Benefits and Challenges
2.4.3 Key Architectural Components
2.4.3.1 RRHs (Remote Radio Heads)
2.4.3.2 BBUs (Baseband Units)
2.4.3.3 Fronthaul
2.5 Cloud RAN: Virtualizing C-RAN
2.5.1 Leveraging Commodity Technologies
2.5.2 Moving RAN to the Cloud
2.6 DAS (Distributed Antenna System)
2.6.1 What is DAS?
2.6.2 Passive DAS
2.6.3 Active DAS
2.6.4 Hybrid DAS
2.7 Other Options for Offloading Mobile Network Coverage and Capacity
2.7.1 Macrocell Network and Spectrum Expansion
2.7.2 Caching & Mobile CDNs (Content Delivery Networks)
2.8 The Business Case: Key Market Drivers
2.8.1 Capacity & Coverage Improvement: Addressing the Mobile Data Traffic Tsunami
2.8.2 Endorsement from the Mobile Operator Community
2.8.3 In-Building & Enterprise Coverage Requirements
2.8.4 Capacity Offload in Congested Urban Environments
2.8.5 Cost-Effective Rural Coverage
2.8.6 CapEx Savings
2.8.7 Non-Expandability of Macrocell Networks
2.8.8 Impact of 5G Rollouts
2.9 Challenges & Inhibitors to the HetNet Ecosystem
2.9.1 Interference with Macrocell Infrastructure & Spectrum Constraints
2.9.2 Conflicting HetNet Offerings
2.9.3 Fronthaul & Backhaul Investments
2.9.4 Migration from Legacy Architectures
2.9.5 Economic Constraints & Deployment Challenges
2.9.6 Security Concerns

3 Chapter 3: Integration & Offloading Technology
3.1 Integrating Small Cells into the Mobile Network
3.1.1 Integration into 3G Networks
3.1.1.1 Iuh based Integration: Residential & Enterprise Femtocells
3.1.1.2 Iub: Microcells, Picocells and Femtocells
3.1.2 S1: Integration into LTE Networks
3.1.2.1 eNB Small Cell Architecture
3.1.2.2 HeNB Small Cell Architecture
3.1.3 Integration into 5G NR (New Radio) Networks
3.1.3.1 Non-Standalone Operation with LTE
3.1.3.2 NG2 & NG3: NextGen (Next Generation) System Architecture
3.2 Integrating C-RAN into the Mobile Network
3.2.1 CPRI (Common Public Radio Interface)
3.2.2 OBSAI (Open Base Station Architecture Initiative)
3.2.3 ORI (Open Radio Interface)
3.2.4 Ethernet
3.3 Wi-Fi: The Evolution from an Ethernet Extension to Mobile RAN Integration
3.4 Enabling Technologies for Wi-Fi and Cellular RAN Interoperability
3.4.1 ANDSF (Access Network Discovery and Selection Function)
3.4.1.1 Enabling Seamless Mobility
3.4.1.2 Commercial Availability of ANDSF Solutions
3.4.2 Hotspot 2.0
3.4.2.1 Discovery - 802.11u
3.4.2.2 Encryption - 802.11i (WPA2)
3.4.2.3 Authentication - 802.1x (EAP)
3.4.2.4 OMA (Open Mobile Alliance) DM (Device Management)
3.4.2.5 Passpoint Wi-Fi Certification
3.4.3 NGH (Next Generation Hotspot)
3.4.3.1 Working Alongside Hotspot 2.0
3.4.3.2 Enabling Seamless Mobile Network Connectivity
3.4.4 I-WLAN (Interworking Wireless LAN)
3.4.5 WISPr (Wireless Internet Service Provider Roaming)
3.4.6 MSAP (Mobility Services Advertisement Protocol)
3.5 Small Cell and Mobile Core Offloading Technologies
3.5.1 LIPA (Local IP Access)
3.5.1.1 Is LIPA Specifically for Small Cells?
3.5.1.2 Use Case Example: Local Network Multimedia Access
3.5.2 SIPTO (Selected IP Traffic Offload)
3.5.2.1 Use Case Example: Core Network Offload
3.5.2.2 The Downside: Is SIPTO Suitable for All Traffic Profiles?
3.5.3 IFOM (IP Flow Mobility and Seamless Offload)
3.5.3.1 Enabling Seamless Integration between Wi-Fi and 3GPP RANs
3.6 Wi-Fi and Cellular RAN Integration: Commercial Implementations for Address HetNet Challenges
3.6.1 Wi-Fi Integration into Macrocell and Small Cell Base Stations
3.6.2 Policy Driven Control
3.6.3 Enabling Wi-Fi Calling: Dynamic Switching between Wi-Fi and LTE
3.7 Integration of SON (Self-Organizing Network) Capabilities
3.7.1 Enabling Plug-and-play Functionality
3.7.2 Enhancing HetNet Performance

4 Chapter 4: Key Trends in Next-Generation HetNet Infrastructure
4.1 RAN Disaggregation: Blurring the Lines Between Small Cells and C-RAN
4.1.1 Fully Centralized Baseband Processing: PHY-RF Split
4.1.2 Partially Centralized Functional Splits
4.1.2.1 Intra-PHY Split
4.1.2.2 MAC-PHY Split
4.1.2.3 Intra-MAC Split
4.1.2.4 RLC-MAC Split
4.1.2.5 Intra-RLC Split
4.1.2.6 PDCP-RLC Split
4.1.2.7 RRC-PDCP Split
4.2 Small Cell Virtualization
4.2.1 Overview of RAN Virtualization
4.2.2 Why Virtualize Small Cells?
4.2.3 Next-Generation Small Cells: Hardware vs. Software-Based Architecture
4.2.3.1 Performance
4.2.3.2 Cost
4.2.3.3 Other Market Factors
4.2.4 Review of Existing Virtualized Small Cell Deployments
4.3 Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Usage
4.3.1 Bringing the Simplicity of Wi-Fi to LTE & 5G Small Cells
4.3.2 Key Technology Options for Spectrum Sharing & Aggregation
4.3.2.1 LSA (Licensed Shared Access): Two-Tiered Sharing
4.3.2.2 SAS (Spectrum Access System): Three-Tiered Sharing
4.3.2.3 LAA (License Assisted Access) & LTE-U: Licensed & Unlicensed Spectrum Aggregation
4.3.2.4 New Mechanisms for 60 GHz Unlicensed Spectrum Sharing
4.3.2.5 MulteFire
4.3.2.6 LWA (LTE - Wi-Fi Link Aggregation)
4.3.2.7 LWIP (LTE WLAN integration with IPSec Tunnel)
4.3.2.8 MPTCP Based LTE - Wi-Fi Aggregation
4.3.3 Commercial Status
4.4 Neutral Hosting
4.4.1 A Win-Win for Mobile Operators and Hosts
4.4.2 Moving Towards Multi-Operator Small Cells
4.4.2.1 Commercial Multi-Operator Small Cell Offerings
4.4.2.2 Disruptive DAS Products
4.4.3 Synergies with Spectrum Sharing & Small Cell Virtualization
4.5 Moving Towards Higher Frequencies
4.5.1 Higher Frequency & Millimeter Wave Small Cells
4.5.2 Potential Usage of 60 GHz WiGig Technology
4.6 Small Cells for Rural Coverage
4.6.1 Review of Mobile Operator Commitments
4.6.2 How Are Vendors Addressing the Market?
4.6.3 How Big is the Opportunity?
4.7 Other Trends
4.7.1 UDN (Ultra Dense Networks)
4.7.2 MEC (Multi-Access Edge Computing)
4.7.3 FWA (Fixed Wireless Access)
4.7.4 Multi-Site Connectivity, Carrier Aggregation & User Centric Cell Access
4.7.5 Control and User Plane Separation
4.7.6 Small Cells for Dedicated IoT Applications
4.7.7 Network Slicing

5 Chapter 5: Industry Roadmap and Value Chain
5.1 HetNet Industry Roadmap: 2017 - 2030
5.1.1 2017 - 2020: Large Scale Small Cell, Carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN & DAS Rollouts
5.1.2 2020 - 2025: Moving Towards Virtualized & Shared Spectrum Small Cells
5.1.3 2025 - 2030: Continued Densification with 5G Network Rollouts
5.2 HetNet Value Chain
5.3 Embedded Technology Ecosystem
5.3.1 Chipset Developers
5.3.2 Embedded Component/Software Providers
5.4 RAN Ecosystem
5.4.1 Macrocell RAN OEMs
5.4.2 Pure-Play Small Cell OEMs
5.4.3 Wi-Fi Access Point OEMs
5.4.4 DAS & Repeater Solution Providers
5.4.5 C-RAN Solution Providers
5.4.6 Other Technology Providers
5.5 Transport Networking Ecosystem
5.5.1 Backhaul & Fronthaul Solution Providers
5.6 Mobile Core Ecosystem
5.6.1 Mobile Core Solution Providers
5.7 Connectivity Ecosystem
5.7.1 Mobile Operators
5.7.2 Wi-Fi Connectivity Providers
5.7.3 SCaaS (Small Cells-as-a-Service) Providers
5.8 SON Ecosystem
5.8.1 SON Solution Providers
5.9 SDN & NFV Ecosystem
5.9.1 SDN & NFV Providers

6 Chapter 6: HetNet Deployment Models, Use Cases & Vertical Markets
6.1 Deployment Models
6.1.1 Indoor
6.1.2 Outdoor
6.2 Use Cases
6.2.1 Residential
6.2.2 Enterprise
6.2.3 Urban
6.2.4 Rural & Suburban
6.3 Service Models for Carrier Wi-Fi
6.3.1 Mobile Offload
6.3.2 Wholesale & Other Approaches
6.4 SCaaS (Small Cells-as-a-Service)
6.4.1 Addressing the Logistical Challenges of Small Cell Rollouts
6.4.2 Cost & Structural Efficiencies
6.4.3 How Big is the Opportunity for SCaaS Providers?
6.4.4 Major SCaaS Commitments
6.4.4.1 BT Group
6.4.4.2 Cellcom (New-Cell)
6.4.4.3 ClearSky Technologies
6.4.4.4 Cloudberry Mobile
6.4.4.5 Colt Technology Services Group
6.4.4.6 Cox Communications
6.4.4.7 Towerstream Corporation
6.4.4.8 Virgin Media
6.4.4.9 Luminet
6.4.4.10 Zayo Group
6.4.4.11 Offerings from the Vendor Community
6.5 Key Vertical Markets
6.5.1 Agriculture
6.5.2 Construction
6.5.3 Education
6.5.4 Energy & Utilities
6.5.5 Enterprises
6.5.6 Healthcare
6.5.7 Military
6.5.8 Public Safety & Emergency Services
6.5.9 Public Venues
6.5.10 Residential
6.5.11 Retail & Hospitality

7 Chapter 7: HetNet Backhaul & Fronthaul
7.1 Small Cell Backhaul Technology
7.1.1 DSL
7.1.2 Ethernet
7.1.3 Microwave
7.1.4 Millimeter Wave
7.1.5 Satellite
7.1.6 Fiber & Others
7.2 C-RAN Fronthaul Technology
7.2.1 Dedicated Fiber (Dark Fiber)
7.2.2 WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing)
7.2.3 PON (Passive Optical Network)
7.2.4 OTN (Optical Transport Network)
7.2.5 Ethernet
7.2.6 G.Fast
7.2.7 Microwave
7.2.8 Millimeter Wave
7.3 Requirements for HetNet Backhaul & Fronthaul
7.3.1 Form Factor & Environmental Hardening
7.3.2 Power Supply & Consumption
7.3.3 Installation & Provisioning
7.3.4 Integration of OAM and SON Capabilities
7.3.5 Deployment & Maintenance Cost
7.4 Key Issues
7.4.1 Backhaul Sharing: Can Small Cells and Macrocells Share Resources?
7.4.2 Coverage Challenges
7.4.3 Capacity/Peak Throughput Challenges
7.4.4 Will Millimeter Wave be the Preferred Outdoor Small Cell Backhaul Solution?
7.4.5 Is Fronthaul the Bottleneck to C-RAN Rollouts?
7.4.6 Is Ethernet a Feasible Solution for C-RAN Fronthaul?
7.4.7 Is there a Market for Satellite based HetNet Transport?
7.4.8 Assessing the Impact of the SCaaS Ecosystem

8 Chapter 8: Standardization & Regulatory Initiatives
8.1 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)
8.1.1 Small Cell Standardization
8.1.2 Additional Small Cell & HetNet Enhancements
8.1.3 Functional Splits for C-RAN Implementation in 5G Networks
8.2 3GPP2 (3rd Generation Partnership Project 2) & MDG (Mobility Development Group)
8.2.1 HetNet Standardization Activities
8.3 Broadband Forum
8.3.1 TR-069 & TR-196 for Small Cell Management
8.3.2 Broadband 20/20 Vision: Convergence of 5G Mobile & Fixed Networks
8.3.3 Other Efforts Related to HetNets
8.4 CableLabs
8.4.1 Research on High Capacity Millimeter Wave Small Cells
8.4.2 Unlicensed and Shared Spectrum LTE for the Cable Industry
8.4.3 Other Work Relevant to 5G & HetNet Infrastructure
8.5 CBRS Alliance
8.5.1 Ecosystem Development for LTE-Based CBRS Solutions
8.6 CPRI Initiative
8.6.1 CPRI Releases 1.4 to 7.0 for 3G & LTE Fronthaul
8.6.2 eCPRI for 5G Fronthaul
8.7 DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance)
8.7.1 Dynamic Spectrum Sharing for 5G and LTE Networks
8.8 ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
8.8.1 Small Cell Testing
8.8.2 ORI for Fronthaul
8.8.3 NFV (Network Functions Virtualization) for vRAN and Virtualized Small Cells
8.8.4 MEC (Multi-Access Edge Computing)
8.8.5 Millimeter Wave Transmission & Other Work
8.9 EVOLVE
8.9.1 LTE-U and LAA Advocacy Efforts
8.10 GSMA
8.10.1 TS.22: Recommendations for Minimum Wi-Fi Capabilities of Terminals
8.10.2 IR.61: Wi-Fi Roaming Guidelines
8.10.3 IR.51 & NG.106: IMS over Wi-Fi
8.10.4 Policy Recommendations for Small Cell Deployments
8.10.5 5G Program & Spectrum Policy
8.11 GTI
8.11.1 HetNets & Small Cells in TD-LTE Development & Evolution
8.11.2 5G Innovation Program
8.12 IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
8.12.1 IEEE 802.11 WLAN Standard & Revisions
8.12.2 IEEE 802.1CM: TSN (Time-Sensitive Networking) for Fronthaul
8.12.3 IEEE P1904.3: Standard for RoE (Radio over Ethernet) Encapsulations and Mappings
8.12.4 IEEE 1914: NGFI (Next Generation Fronthaul Interface) Working Group
8.12.5 Contribution to 5G Standards Development
8.12.6 Other Standards & Work Groups
8.13 ITU (International Telecommunications Union)
8.13.3 FG IMT-2020 (Focus Group on IMT-2020)
8.13.4 Spectrum Allocation
8.14 LTE-U Forum
8.14.1 LTE-U Technical Specifications
8.15 MEF (Metro Ethernet Forum)
8.15.1 Ethernet Transport for Small Cells & C-RAN
8.16 MulteFire Alliance
8.16.1 MulteFire Release 1.0 Specification
8.17 NGMN (Next Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance
8.17.1 P-CRAN (Project Centralized RAN)
8.17.2 Small Cell Project
8.17.3 RAN Evolution Project
8.17.4 5G Work Program & Other Work
8.19 ONF (Open Networking Foundation) & ON.Lab (Open Networking Lab)
8.20 OSA (OpenAirInterface Software Alliance)
8.20.1 LTE vRAN Implementation
8.21 SCF (Small Cell Forum)
8.21.1 Release 1: Residential Small Cells
8.21.2 Release 2: Enterprise Small Cells
8.21.3 Releases 3 & 4: Urban Small Cells
8.21.4 Release 5: Rural & Remote Small Cells
8.21.5 Release 6: Smart Enterprise Small Cells
8.21.6 Release 7: HetNet Foundations
8.21.7 Release 8: Small Cell Virtualization
8.21.8 Release 9: Network Densification and Evolution to 5G
8.22 TIP (Telecom Infra Project)
8.22.1 OpenCellular - Wireless Access Design Platform
8.22.2 Solutions Integration - Unbundled RAN Architecture
8.22.3 Edge Computing
8.22.4 vRAN Fronthaul
8.22.5 Open Optical Packet Transport
8.22.6 Mobile Core Optimization
8.22.7 Greenfield Telecom Networks
8.22.8 Other Projects
8.23 WBA (Wireless Broadband Alliance)
8.23.1 Carrier Wi-Fi Services Program
8.23.2 Next Generation Wireless Program
8.24 WIA (Wireless Infrastructure Association)
8.24.1 HetNet Forum
8.24.2 Other Work
8.25 Wi-Fi Alliance
8.25.1 Hotspot 2.0 & Passpoint Certification Program
8.25.2 Positioning WiGig as a 5G Technology
8.25.3 Wi-Fi Spectrum Advocacy Efforts & Other Programs
8.26 WiFiForward
8.26.1 Wi-Fi Spectrum Advocacy Efforts
8.27 WiMAX Forum
8.27.1 WiMAX Small Cells
8.28 WinnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum)
8.28.1 Spectrum Sharing Specifications for LTE & 5G Networks

9 Chapter 9: Service Provider Case Studies
9.1 América Móvil Group
9.1.1 Overview
9.1.2 Key Vendors
9.1.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.2 AT&T
9.2.1 Overview
9.2.2 Key Vendors
9.2.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.3 Axiata Group
9.3.1 Overview
9.3.2 Key Vendors
9.3.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.4 Bharti Airtel
9.4.1 Overview
9.4.2 Key Vendors
9.4.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.5 Boingo Wireless
9.5.1 Overview
9.5.2 Key Vendors
9.5.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.6 BT Group
9.6.1 Overview
9.6.2 Key Vendors
9.6.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.7 China Mobile
9.7.1 Overview
9.7.2 Key Vendors
9.7.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.8 China Telecom
9.8.1 Overview
9.8.2 Key Vendors
9.8.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.9 China Unicom
9.9.1 Overview
9.9.2 Key Vendors
9.9.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.10 Chunghwa Telecom
9.10.1 Overview
9.10.2 Key Vendors
9.10.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.11 DT (Deutsche Telekom)
9.11.1 Overview
9.11.2 Key Vendors
9.11.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.12 Fon
9.12.1 Overview
9.12.2 Key Vendors
9.12.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.13 KDDI Corporation
9.13.1 Overview
9.13.2 Key Vendors
9.13.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.14 KPN
9.14.1 Overview
9.14.2 Key Vendors
9.14.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.15 KT Corporation
9.15.1 Overview
9.15.2 Key Vendors
9.15.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.16 LG Uplus
9.16.1 Overview
9.16.2 Key Vendors
9.16.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.17 MegaFon
9.17.1 Overview
9.17.2 Key Vendors
9.17.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.18 MTS (Mobile TeleSystems)
9.18.1 Overview
9.18.2 Key Vendors
9.18.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.19 NTT DoCoMo
9.19.1 Overview
9.19.2 Key Vendors
9.19.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.20 Orange
9.20.1 Overview
9.20.2 Key Vendors
9.20.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.21 SFR
9.21.1 Overview
9.21.2 Key Vendors
9.21.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.22 Singtel
9.22.1 Overview
9.22.2 Key Vendors
9.22.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.23 SK Telecom
9.23.1 Overview
9.23.2 Key Vendors
9.23.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.24 SoftBank Group
9.24.1 Overview
9.24.2 Key Vendors
9.24.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.25 Sprint Corporation
9.25.1 Overview
9.25.2 Key Vendors
9.25.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.26 Telefónica Group
9.26.1 Overview
9.26.2 Key Vendors
9.26.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.27 Telenor Group
9.27.1 Overview
9.27.2 Key Vendors
9.27.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.28 Telia Company
9.28.1 Overview
9.28.2 Key Vendors
9.28.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.29 Telstra
9.29.1 Overview
9.29.2 Key Vendors
9.29.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.30 Telus Corporation
9.30.1 Overview
9.30.2 Key Vendors
9.30.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.31 TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)
9.31.1 Overview
9.31.2 Key Vendors
9.31.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.32 VEON
9.32.1 Overview
9.32.2 Key Vendors
9.32.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.33 Verizon Communications
9.33.1 Overview
9.33.2 Key Vendors
9.33.3 HetNet Deployment Summary
9.34 Vodafone Group
9.34.1 Overview
9.34.2 Key Vendors
9.34.3 HetNet Deployment Summary

10 Chapter 10: Wireless Network Infrastructure Incumbents
10.1 Cisco Systems
10.2 Datang Mobile
10.3 Ericsson
10.4 FiberHome Technologies
10.5 Fujitsu
10.6 Huawei
10.7 NEC Corporation
10.8 Nokia Networks
10.9 Samsung Electronics
10.10 ZTE

11 Chapter 11: Macrocell RAN, Small Cell, C-RAN & Mobile Core Specialists
11.1 6Harmonics
11.2 Accelleran
11.3 Adax
11.4 ADB
11.5 Affirmed Networks
11.6 Air-Lynx
11.7 Airspan Networks
11.8 Alpha Networks
11.9 Altiostar Networks
11.10 Arcadyan Technology Corporation
11.11 Argela
11.12 Artemis Networks
11.13 Aselan
11.14 Askey Computer Corporation
11.15 ASOCS
11.16 Athonet
11.17 AttoCore
11.18 Baicells Technologies
11.19 Brocade Communications Systems
11.20 Casa Systems
11.21 CCN (Cirrus Core Networks)
11.22 cellXica
11.23 CND (Core Network Dynamics)
11.24 Collinear Networks
11.25 Contela
11.26 CS Corporation
11.27 Delta Electronics
11.28 Druid Software
11.29 EION Wireless
11.30 Expeto Wireless
11.31 Facebook
11.32 Fairwaves
11.33 Fujian Sunnada Network Technology
11.34 Gemtek Technology
11.35 GENBAND
11.36 General Dynamics Mission Systems
11.37 GIKO GROUP Telecomunicaciones
11.38 Google
11.39 Guangzhou Iplook Technologies
11.40 GWT (Global Wireless Technologies)
11.41 Harris Corporation
11.42 Hitachi
11.43 IDY Corporation
11.44 InnoWireless
11.45 ip.access
11.46 JRC (Japan Radio Company)
11.47 Juni Global
11.48 Kleos
11.49 Lemko Corporation
11.50 LGS Innovations
11.51 Luminate Wireless
11.52 Mavenir Systems
11.53 MitraStar Technology Corporation
11.54 Moseley Associates
11.55 Netas
11.56 New Postcom Equipment
11.57 NewNet Mobile Communications
11.58 NuRAN Wireless
11.59 Oceus Networks
11.60 Omoco
11.61 OpenCell
11.62 Panda Electronics Group
11.63 Parallel Wireless
11.64 Phluido
11.65 PMN (Private Mobile Networks)
11.66 Polaris Networks
11.67 Potevio
11.68 Quanta Computer
11.69 Qucell
11.70 Quortus
11.71 Range Networks
11.72 Redline Communications
11.73 Sagemcom
11.74 Samji Electronics
11.75 SerComm Corporation
11.76 SiRRAN Communications
11.77 Sistelbanda
11.78 SITRONICS
11.79 SK Telesys
11.80 Sonus Networks
11.81 Sooktha
11.82 SpiderCloud Wireless
11.83 Star Solutions
11.84 Starry
11.85 Technicolor
11.86 Tecom
11.87 Tecore Networks
11.88 TEKTELIC Communications
11.89 Telrad Networks
11.90 Telum
11.91 Tropico
11.92 Vanu
11.93 VNL (Vihaan Networks Limited)
11.94 WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
11.95 WTL (World Telecom Labs)
11.96 Wytec International
11.97 Z-Com

12 Chapter 12: Antenna, DAS, RRH, Repeater & Site Solution Specialists
12.1 AAS (Amphenol Antenna Solutions)
12.2 Ace Technologies Corporation
12.3 AceAxis
12.4 ACOME
12.5 ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)
12.6 Alpha Wireless
12.7 American Tower Corporation
12.8 Anertai Communications
12.9 Arqiva
12.10 Bird Technologies
12.11 Black Box Corporation
12.12 BlueWaveTel
12.13 Boomsense/Bangxun Technology
12.14 BTI Wireless
12.15 CCI (Communication Components, Inc.)
12.16 CCI Systems
12.17 Cellcomm Solutions
12.18 CellMax Technologies
12.19 Cellnex Telecom
12.20 Cobham Wireless
12.21 Comba Telecom
12.22 CommScope
12.23 Comtech Korea
12.24 Corning
12.25 Crown Castle International Corporation
12.26 Dali Wireless
12.27 DENGYO (Nihon Dengyo Kosaku)
12.28 DYNE TECH
12.29 Eahison Communication
12.30 Ethertronics
12.31 ExteNet Systems
12.32 Filtronic
12.33 Foshan Anderson Communication Equipment
12.34 Foxcom
12.35 Frog Cellsat
12.36 Fujian Helios Technologies
12.37 Galtronics Corporation
12.38 Gamma Nu
12.39 Goodman Networks
12.40 GRENTECH
12.41 Hansen Technology
12.42 Hefei Maniron Electronic and Technology
12.43 Hilinks Technology
12.44 HUBER+SUHNER
12.45 Impower Technology
12.46 Innertron
12.47 Jiangsu Hengxin Technology
12.48 Jiangsu Zhengkai Electronics Technology
12.49 JMA Wireless
12.50 JQL Electronics
12.51 Kaelus
12.52 Kathrein-Werke KG
12.53 Kisan Telecom
12.54 KMW
12.55 Maven Wireless
12.56 MER Group
12.57 Microlab
12.58 MTI (Microelectronics Technology, Inc.)
12.59 MTI Wireless Edge
12.60 Nextivity
12.61 OFS
12.62 OZC (Optical Zonu Corporation)
12.63 Panorama Antennas
12.64 Raycap
12.65 RF MORECOM KOREA
12.66 RF Window
12.67 RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)
12.68 Rosenberger
12.69 R-TRON
12.70 Seontech
12.71 Shared Access
12.72 Shenzhen Huaptec
12.73 Shyam Telecom
12.74 Skybird Electronic Science & Technology
12.75 SOLiD
12.76 Sumitomo Electric Industries
12.77 Sunwave Solutions
12.78 Suzhou Hexagon Communication Technologies
12.79 Telnet Redes Inteligentes
12.80 TESSCO Technologies
12.81 Westell Technologies
12.82 Wevercomm
12.83 Wilson Electronics
12.84 Wuhan Fingu Electronic Technology
12.85 Wuhan Gewei Electronic Technologies
12.86 Zinwave

13 Chapter 13: Carrier Wi-Fi Specialists
13.1 4ipnet
13.2 ABB
13.3 Accuris Networks
13.4 Aerohive Networks
13.5 Altai Technologies
13.6 Alvarion Technologies
13.7 Aptilo Networks
13.8 Aruba Networks
13.9 Autelan
13.10 BandwidthX
13.11 Browan Communications
13.12 BSG Wireless
13.13 Carnegie Technologies
13.14 D-Link Corporation
13.15 Edgewater Wireless Systems
13.16 Firetide
13.17 Fortinet
13.18 GoNet Systems
13.19 Handlink Technologies
13.20 Kyrio
13.21 LigoWave
13.22 Linksys
13.23 Mojo Networks
13.24 NETGEAR
13.25 Nomadix
13.26 Ruckus Wireless
13.27 Senao Networks
13.28 Smith Micro Software
13.29 Syniverse Technologies
13.30 TP-LINK Technologies
13.31 Tranzeo Wireless Technologies
13.32 TruConnect Technologies
13.33 Ubiquiti Networks
13.34 Zyxel Communications Corporation

14 Chapter 14: Enabling & Complementary Technology Providers
14.1 6WIND
14.2 Accedian Networks
14.3 Accelink Technologies Corporation
14.4 Accuver
14.5 ADI (Analog Devices Inc.)
14.6 ADLINK Technology
14.7 Advantech
14.8 Affarii Technologies
14.9 Airgain
14.10 AirHop Communications
14.11 Airrays
14.12 AKM (Asahi Kasei Microdevices Corporation)
14.13 Akoustis Technologies
14.14 ALBEDO Telecom
14.15 Allot Communications
14.16 Altran
14.17 Amarisoft
14.18 Amdocs
14.19 Anritsu Corporation
14.20 Aquantia Corporation
14.21 Aricent
14.22 ARM Holdings
14.23 Artesyn Embedded Technologies
14.24 Artiza Networks
14.25 Astellia
14.26 ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
14.27 ATDI
14.28 Azcom Technology
14.29 Benetel
14.30 Blu Wireless Technology
14.31 Blue Danube Systems
14.32 BoostEdge
14.33 Broadcom
14.34 C Squared Systems
14.35 Cadence Design Systems
14.36 Cambridge Consultants
14.37 Cavium
14.38 CeedTec
14.39 CellMining
14.40 Cellwize Wireless Technologies
14.41 CelPlan Technologies
14.42 Celtro
14.43 CEVA
14.44 Clavister
14.45 Cohere Technologies
14.46 Coherent Logix
14.47 Collision Communications
14.48 Comcores
14.49 CommAgility
14.50 Creanord
14.51 D2 Technologies
14.52 Dell Technologies
14.53 DigitalGlobe
14.54 Direct Beam
14.55 eASIC Corporation
14.56 EDX Wireless
14.57 ENENSYS Technologies
14.58 Eoptolink Technology
14.59 Ercom
14.60 Ethernity Networks
14.61 ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)
14.62 EXFO
14.63 Expway
14.64 Faraday Technology Corporation
14.65 Federated Wireless
14.66 Finisar Corporation
14.67 Flash Networks
14.68 Flex Logix Technologies
14.69 Forsk
14.70 Fraunhofer FOKUS (Institute for Open Communication Systems)
14.71 Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute)
14.72 Furuno Electric
14.73 Galgus
14.74 GenXComm
14.75 GigaLight
14.76 GlobalFoundries
14.77 HCL Technologies
14.78 Hisense
14.79 HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
14.80 IBM Corporation
14.81 iBwave Solutions
14.82 IDT (Integrated Device Technology)
14.83 IM Technology
14.84 Imec International
14.85 Infineon Technologies
14.86 InfoVista
14.87 InnoLight Technology
14.88 Intel Corporation
14.89 InterDigital
14.90 IP Light
14.91 iPosi
14.92 IS-Wireless
14.93 ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan)
14.94 Juniper Networks
14.95 Keima
14.96 Keysight Technologies
14.97 Koonsys Radiocommunications
14.98 Kumu Networks
14.99 Lattice Semiconductor
14.100 Lime Microsystems
14.101 Linker Networks
14.102 Lumentum
14.103 LuxCarta
14.104 MACOM Technology Solutions Holdings
14.105 Maja Systems
14.106 Mathworks
14.107 Maxim Integrated
14.108 MaxLinear
14.109 Mellanox Technologies
14.110 Microsemi Corporation
14.111 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
14.112 Mobiveil
14.113 Molex
14.114 Mosaik
14.115 Multiwave Sensors
14.116 N.A.T.
14.117 Nash Technologies
14.118 Netonomics
14.119 NETSCOUT Systems
14.120 NI (National Instruments)
14.121 Node-H
14.122 Nomor Research
14.123 NXP Semiconductors
14.124 Octasic
14.125 OE Solutions
14.126 Optulink
14.127 P.I. Works
14.128 Panasonic Corporation
14.129 Peraso Technologies
14.130 Plasma Antennas
14.131 Pletronics
14.132 Polystar
14.133 PRISMA Telecom Testing
14.134 Procera Networks
14.135 pureLiFi
14.136 Qorvo
14.137 Qualcomm
14.138 Qulsar
14.139 Qwilt
14.140 RADCOM
14.141 Radio Gigabit
14.142 Radisys Corporation
14.143 Rakon
14.144 Ranplan Wireless Network Design
14.145 Red Hat
14.146 RED Technologies
14.147 RF DSP
14.148 Rivada Networks
14.149 Rohde & Schwarz
14.150 Saguna Networks
14.151 SAI Technology
14.152 Sarokal Test Systems
14.153 SAT (Smart Antenna Technologies)
14.154 Sevis Systems
14.155 SevOne
14.156 Silicon Labs (Silicon Laboratories)
14.157 SIRADEL
14.158 Sivers IMA
14.159 Skyworks Solutions
14.160 Source Photonics
14.161 Space Data Corporation
14.162 SRS (Software Radio Systems)
14.163 STMicroelectronics
14.164 Tata Elxsi
14.165 Tech Mahindra
14.166 TEOCO Corporation
14.167 TI (Texas Instruments)
14.168 Tieto Corporation
14.169 TSMC (Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company)
14.170 TTP (The Technology Partnership)
14.171 Tulinx
14.172 U-blox
14.173 Vasona Networks
14.174 Vectron International
14.175 Vencore Labs
14.176 Viavi Solutions
14.177 Virtuosys
14.178 VMware
14.179 WiPro
14.180 Wireless Telecom Group
14.181 WiSig Networks
14.182 XCellAir
14.183 Xelic
14.184 Xilinx

15 Chapter 15: Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul Solution Providers
15.1 3Roam
15.2 4RF
15.3 Actelis Networks
15.4 Actiontec Electronics
15.5 Actus Networks
15.6 ADTRAN
15.7 ADVA Optical Networking
15.8 Advantech Wireless
15.9 ALAXALA Networks Corporation
15.10 Albis-Elcon
15.11 ALCOMA
15.12 Allied Data Technologies
15.13 Allied Telesis
15.14 APRESIA Systems
15.15 ARRIS International
15.16 Avanti Communications Group
15.17 Aviat Networks
15.18 AVM (AVM Computersysteme Vertriebs)
15.19 BluWan
15.20 BridgeWave Communications
15.21 CableFree (Wireless Excellence)
15.22 Calix
15.23 Cambium Networks
15.24 Canoga Perkins Corporation
15.25 Carlson Wireless Technologies
15.26 CarrierComm
15.27 CBNL (Cambridge Broadband Networks Ltd.)
15.28 CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems)
15.29 Ceragon Networks
15.30 Cielo Networks
15.31 Ciena Corporation
15.32 Comtech EF Data Corporation
15.33 Comtrend Corporation
15.34 Corecess
15.35 Coriant
15.36 DASAN Zhone Solutions
15.37 DragonWave
15.38 E-Band Communications
15.39 EBlink
15.40 ECI Telecom
15.41 Ekinops
15.42 ELVA-1
15.43 Eutelsat Communications
15.44 Exalt Wireless
15.45 Extreme Networks
15.46 FastBack Networks
15.47 FibroLan
15.48 Furukawa Electric Group
15.49 Genmix Technology
15.50 Gilat Satellite Networks
15.51 HFR
15.52 Huahuan
15.53 Hughes Network Systems
15.54 HXI
15.55 InCoax
15.56 Infinera
15.57 InfiNet Wireless
15.58 Inmarsat
15.59 Intelsat
15.60 Intracom Telecom
15.61 IPITEK
15.62 Iskratel
15.63 KEYMILE
15.64 Ligado Networks
15.65 LightPointe Communications
15.66 Lindsay Broadband
15.67 Loea Corporation
15.68 MAX4G
15.69 Microwave Networks
15.70 MIMOtech
15.71 MRV Communications
15.72 Nexcomm Systems
15.73 NexxCom Wireless
15.74 Omnitron Systems
15.75 OneAccess Networks
15.76 OneWeb
15.77 Patton Electronics
15.78 Polewall
15.79 Positron
15.80 Proxim Wireless Corporation
15.81 RACOM
15.82 RAD Data Communications
15.83 RADWIN
15.84 Raisecom
15.85 REMEC Broadband Wireless Networks
15.86 SAF Tehnika
15.87 SES
15.88 Shyam Networks
15.89 SIAE Microelectronica
15.90 Siklu Communication
15.91 SkyFiber
15.92 SMC Networks
15.93 Solectek Corporation
15.94 Spectronite
15.95 Star Microwave
15.96 Tarana Wireless
15.97 Telco Systems
15.98 Tellion
15.99 Tellumat
15.100 Telsey
15.101 Thuraya Telecommunications Company
15.102 Tilgin
15.103 Trango Systems
15.104 Transition Networks
15.105 Ubiquoss
15.106 UTStarcom
15.107 ViaSat
15.108 VT iDirect
15.109 Vubiq Networks
15.110 Wave1
15.111 Wavesight
15.112 XAVi Technologies Corporation
15.113 Yamaha Corporation

16 Chapter 16: Market Analysis and Forecasts
16.1 Global Outlook for HetNet Infrastructure Investments
16.2 Small Cells
16.2.1 Segmentation by Use Case
16.2.1.1 Residential
16.2.1.2 Enterprise
16.2.1.3 Urban
16.2.1.4 Rural & Suburban
16.2.2 Segmentation by Form Factor
16.2.2.1 Femtocells
16.2.2.2 Picocells
16.2.2.3 Microcells
16.2.3 Segmentation by Air Interface Technology
16.2.3.1 2G & 3G
16.2.3.2 LTE
16.2.3.3 5G NR
16.2.4 Segmentation by Deployment Model
16.2.4.1 Indoor
16.2.4.2 Outdoor
16.2.5 Segmentation by RAN Architecture
16.2.5.1 Standalone
16.2.5.2 C-RAN
16.3 Small Cell Backhaul
16.3.1 Segmentation by Technology
16.3.1.1 DSL
16.3.1.2 Ethernet
16.3.1.3 Microwave
16.3.1.4 Millimeter Wave
16.3.1.5 Satellite
16.3.1.6 Fiber & Others
16.4 Carrier Wi-Fi
16.4.1 Segmentation by Submarket
16.4.1.1 Access Points
16.4.1.2 Access Point Controllers
16.4.2 Segmentation by Integration Approach
16.4.2.1 Standalone Wi-Fi Hotspots
16.4.2.2 Managed Wi-Fi Offload
16.5 C-RAN
16.5.1 Segmentation by Submarket
16.5.1.1 RRHs
16.5.1.2 BBUs
16.5.2 Segmentation by Air Interface Technology
16.5.2.1 3G & LTE
16.5.2.2 5G NR
16.5.3 Segmentation by Deployment Model
16.5.3.1 Indoor
16.5.3.2 Outdoor
16.5.4 Segmentation by Cell Size
16.5.4.1 Small Cells
16.5.4.2 Macrocells
16.6 C-RAN Fronthaul
16.6.1 Segmentation by Technology
16.6.1.1 Dedicated Fiber
16.6.1.2 WDM
16.6.1.3 OTN & PON
16.6.1.4 Ethernet
16.6.1.5 Microwave
16.6.1.6 Millimeter Wave
16.6.1.7 G.Fast & Others
16.7 DAS
16.7.1 Segmentation by Deployment Model
16.7.1.1 Indoor
16.7.1.2 Outdoor
16.8 Segmentation by Region
16.8.1 Small Cells
16.8.2 Small Cell Backhaul
16.8.3 Carrier Wi-Fi
16.8.4 C-RAN
16.8.5 C-RAN Fronthaul
16.8.6 DAS
16.9 Asia Pacific
16.9.1 Small Cells
16.9.2 Small Cell Backhaul
16.9.3 Carrier Wi-Fi
16.9.4 C-RAN
16.9.5 C-RAN Fronthaul
16.9.6 DAS
16.10 Eastern Europe
16.10.1 Small Cells
16.10.2 Small Cell Backhaul
16.10.3 Carrier Wi-Fi
16.10.4 C-RAN
16.10.5 C-RAN Fronthaul
16.10.6 DAS
16.11 Latin & Central America
16.11.1 Small Cells
16.11.2 Small Cell Backhaul
16.11.3 Carrier Wi-Fi
16.11.4 C-RAN
16.11.5 C-RAN Fronthaul
16.11.6 DAS
16.12 Middle East & Africa
16.12.1 Small Cells
16.12.2 Small Cell Backhaul
16.12.3 Carrier Wi-Fi
16.12.4 C-RAN
16.12.5 C-RAN Fronthaul
16.12.6 DAS
16.13 North America
16.13.1 Small Cells
16.13.2 Small Cell Backhaul
16.13.3 Carrier Wi-Fi
16.13.4 C-RAN
16.13.5 C-RAN Fronthaul
16.13.6 DAS
16.14 Western Europe
16.14.1 Small Cells
16.14.2 Small Cell Backhaul
16.14.3 Carrier Wi-Fi
16.14.4 C-RAN
16.14.5 C-RAN Fronthaul
16.14.6 DAS

17 Chapter 17: Conclusion and Strategic Recommendations
17.1 Why is the Market Poised to Grow?
17.2 Competitive Industry Landscape: Acquisitions, Alliances & Consolidation
17.3 What is the TCO Impact of HetNet Deployments?
17.4 The Formula for Success: Selecting the Right Combination of HetNet Technologies
17.5 Offloading with TD-LTE Small Cells
17.6 The Emergence of Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Small Cells
17.7 What are the Prospects of Cloud RAN & Virtualized Small Cells?
17.8 Convergence of C-RAN and Small Cells: Distributing Baseband Intelligence
17.9 Accelerating the Transition to Military, Tactical & Public Safety LTE Networks
17.10 Standardization Driving RAN & Carrier Wi-Fi Integration
17.11 Prospects of Enterprise RAN Deployments
17.12 Network Visibility & OAM
17.13 Addressing Network Security: IPsec
17.14 Vendor Share Analysis
17.14.1 Small Cells
17.14.2 Carrier Wi-Fi
17.14.3 C-RAN
17.14.4 DAS
17.15 Strategic Recommendations
17.15.1 HetNet Infrastructure Vendors
17.15.2 Mobile Operators


List of Figures

Figure 1: HetNet Architecture
Figure 2: Small Cell Coverage Range Comparison
Figure 3: Key Characteristics of Small Cells
Figure 4: Mobile Network Data Offloading via Wi-Fi
Figure 5: C-RAN Architecture
Figure 6: Key RRH & BBU Functions
Figure 7: Cloud RAN Concept
Figure 8: Passive DAS Configuration
Figure 9: Active DAS Configuration
Figure 10: Hybrid DAS Configuration
Figure 11: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Region: 2017 - 2030 (Exabytes)
Figure 12: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Access Network Technology: 2017 - 2030 (Exabytes)
Figure 13: Iuh-Based Small Cell Integration in a 3G Mobile Network
Figure 14: Iub-Based Small Cell Integration in a 3G Mobile Network
Figure 15: S1 Interface-Based Small Cell Integration in an LTE Network
Figure 16: High Level View for NextGen System Architecture
Figure 17: CPRI Protocol Layers
Figure 18: Global SON Technology Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 19: RAN Functional Split Options
Figure 20: Performance Comparison of RAN Functional Split Options
Figure 21: vRAN Architecture
Figure 22: Virtualized Small Cell Deployment Model
Figure 23: TCO Comparison Between Conventional and Virtualized Small Cells ($ per GB)
Figure 24: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Virtualization: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 25: LSA (License Shared Access) Regulatory Architecture
Figure 26: Transition to UDNs (Ultra-Dense Networks)
Figure 27: 5G FWA (Fixed Wireless Access) Deployment Alternatives
Figure 28: Conceptual Architecture for End-to-End Network Slicing in Mobile Networks
Figure 29: HetNet Industry Roadmap: 2017 - 2030
Figure 30: HetNet Value Chain
Figure 31: SCaaS (Small Cells-as-a-Service) Provider and Mobile Operator Responsibilities
Figure 32: Global SCaaS Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 33: ETSI NFV Architecture
Figure 34: 802.11 Family of Standards by Frequency and Range
Figure 35: Comparison of IMT-2020 and IMT-Advanced Performance Requirements
Figure 36: M-CORD Focus Areas
Figure 37: Small Cell Forum's Release Publication Process
Figure 38: nFAPI Interfaces
Figure 39: China Mobile's Cloud RAN Vision
Figure 40: NTT DoCoMo's Advanced C-RAN Architecture
Figure 41: SK Telecom's SDRAN (Software Defined RAN) Architecture
Figure 42: SoftBank's Virtualized Small Cell Trial
Figure 43: Sprint's LTE UE Relay
Figure 44: Global HetNet Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 45: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 46: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 47: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Use Case: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 48: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Use Case: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 49: Global Residential Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 50: Global Residential Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 51: Global Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 52: Global Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 53: Global Urban Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 54: Global Urban Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 55: Global Rural & Suburban Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 56: Global Rural & Suburban Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 57: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 58: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 59: Global Femtocell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 60: Global Femtocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 61: Global Picocell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 62: Global Picocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 63: Global Microcell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 64: Global Microcell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 65: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 66: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 67: Global 2G & 3G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 68: Global 2G & 3G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 69: Global LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 70: Global LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 71: Global 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 72: Global 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 73: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 74: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 75: Global Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 76: Global Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 77: Global Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 78: Global Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 79: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by RAN Architecture: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 80: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by RAN Architecture: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 81: Global Standalone Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 82: Global Standalone Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 83: Global C-RAN Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 84: Global C-RAN Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 85: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 86: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Technology: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 87: Global DSL Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 88: Global Ethernet Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 89: Global Microwave Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 90: Global Millimeter Wave Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 91: Global Satellite Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 92: Global Fiber & Other Technologies Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 93: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 94: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Revenue by Submarket: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 95: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 96: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 97: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 98: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 99: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments by Integration Approach: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 100: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Integration Approach: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 101: Global Standalone Carrier Wi-Fi Hotspot Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 102: Global Standalone Carrier Wi-Fi Hotspot Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 103: Global Managed Carrier Wi-Fi Offload Hotspot Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 104: Global Managed Carrier Wi-Fi Offload Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 105: Global C-RAN Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 106: Global C-RAN Revenue by Submarket: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 107: Global RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 108: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 109: Global C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 110: Global C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 111: Global C-RAN Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 112: Global RRH Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 113: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 114: Global C-RAN BBU Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 115: Global C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 116: Global C-RAN Revenue in 3G & LTE Networks: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 117: Global 3G & LTE RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 118: Global 3G & LTE RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 119: Global 3G & LTE C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 120: Global 3G & LTE C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 121: Global C-RAN Revenue in 5G NR Networks: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 122: Global 5G NR RRH Unit Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 123: Global 5G NR RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 124: Global 5G NR C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 125: Global 5G NR C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 126: Global RRH Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 127: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 128: Global Indoor RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 129: Global Indoor RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 130: Global Outdoor RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 131: Global Outdoor RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 132: Global RRH Unit Shipments by Cell Size: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 133: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Cell Size: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 134: Global Small Cell RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 135: Global Small Cell RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 136: Global Macrocell RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 137: Global Macrocell RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 138: Global C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 139: Global C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue by Technology: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 140: Global Dedicated Fiber Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 141: Global WDM Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 142: Global OTN & PON Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 143: Global Ethernet Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 144: Global Microwave Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 145: Global Millimeter Wave Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 146: Global G.Fast & Other Technologies Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 147: Global DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 148: Global DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 149: Global DAS Node Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 150: Global DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 151: Global Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 152: Global Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 153: Global Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 154: Global Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 155: HetNet Infrastructure Revenue by Region: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 156: Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 157: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 158: Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Region: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 159: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments by Region: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 160: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 161: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments by Region: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 162: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 163: RRH Unit Shipments by Region: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 164: RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 165: C-RAN BBU Shipments by Region: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 166: C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue by Region: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 167: C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue by Region: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 168: DAS Node Unit Shipments by Region: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 169: DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 170: Asia Pacific HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 171: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 172: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 173: Asia Pacific Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 174: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 175: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 176: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 177: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 178: Asia Pacific RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 179: Asia Pacific RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 180: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 181: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 182: Asia Pacific C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 183: Asia Pacific DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 184: Asia Pacific DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 185: Eastern Europe HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 186: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 187: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 188: Eastern Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 189: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 190: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 191: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 192: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 193: Eastern Europe RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 194: Eastern Europe RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 195: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 196: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 197: Eastern Europe C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 198: Eastern Europe DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 199: Eastern Europe DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 200: Latin & Central America HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 201: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 202: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 203: Latin & Central America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 204: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 205: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 206: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 207: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 208: Latin & Central America RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 209: Latin & Central America RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 210: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 211: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 212: Latin & Central America C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 213: Latin & Central America DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 214: Latin & Central America DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 215: Middle East & Africa HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 216: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 217: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 218: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 219: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 220: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 221: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 222: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 223: Middle East & Africa RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 224: Middle East & Africa RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 225: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 226: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 227: Middle East & Africa C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 228: Middle East & Africa DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 229: Middle East & Africa DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 230: North America HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 231: North America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 232: North America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 233: North America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 234: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 235: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 236: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 237: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 238: North America RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 239: North America RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 240: North America C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 241: North America C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 242: North America C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 243: North America DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 244: North America DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 245: Western Europe HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 246: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 247: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 248: Western Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 249: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 250: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 251: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 252: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 253: Western Europe RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 254: Western Europe RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 255: Western Europe C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 256: Western Europe C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 257: Western Europe C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 258: Western Europe DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 259: Western Europe DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 260: Global Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 261: Global Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 262: Global Virtualized Small Cell Revenue by Submarket: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 263: Baseband Processing Distribution Options for C-RAN
Figure 264: Global Military, Tactical & Public Safety LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 265: Global Military, Tactical & Public Safety LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 266: Global Dual-Mode Cellular/Wi-Fi Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 267: Global Enterprise RAN Investments: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 268: Global Small Cell Market Share by Vendor: 2016 (%)
Figure 269: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Market Share by Vendor: 2016 (%)
Figure 270: Global C-RAN Market Share by Vendor: 2016 (%)
Figure 271: Global DAS Market Share by Vendor: 2016 (%)


List of Companies Mentioned

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua & Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Virgin Islands
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Cocos Islands
Colombia
Comoros Islands
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Rep of Congo (ex-Zaire)
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Faroe Islands
Federated States of Micronesia
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia (ex-Tahiti)
French West Indies
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Greece
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala
Guernsey
Guinea Republic
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jersey
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kirghizstan
Kiribati
Korea
Kosovo
Kuwait
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mayotte
Mexico
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
North Korea
Northern Marianas
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Réunion
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Samoa
Samoa (American)
Sao Tomé & Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
St Kitts & Nevis
St Lucia
St Vincent & The Grenadines
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Tajikistan
Taiwan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad & Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks & Caicos Islands
UAE
Uganda
UK
Ukraine
Uruguay
US Virgin Islands
USA
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe