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Somalia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses
Somalia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses
  • SKU: PB-RK-126 | Pages: 20 | Published: Jul-17
  • Published by: Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd

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Details: Executive summary
Somalias telcos reinstate mobile internet servicesSomalias telecom market has managed to keep going despite the lack of guidance from a central government or sector regulatory since 1991, when a dictatorial regime was overthrown, and despite the efforts of the Al Shabaab Islamic militant group to close down internet services. Through the anarchy which continues to disrupt many areas of the country, the telecoms market, dominated by the competitive mobile sector where seven networks compete for customers, has flourished. Some of these mobile services operators also offer fixed-line and internet services. There are no regulations or taxes, and no service obligations. Tariffs are among the lowest in Africa. However, the absence of regulation has also led to problems with frequency spectrum coordination and interconnection between networks. To address this, Parliament in July 2017 began to consider a draft National Communications Bill aimed at setting a legal and regulatory framework for the telecoms sector.
The countrys access to international submarine fibre optic cables was delayed until 2014, largely due to concerns resulting from piracy as well as to social difficulties and political anarchy. The landing of the first cable ended Somalias dependence on expensive satellite connectivity for internet access. Consequently, Somalias Internet Service Providers (ISPs) have been able to provide much improved services, though international bandwidth remains very limited. This is set to change with two key submarine cables: the 1,500km G2A cable (with a terrestrial connection to Addis Ababa in Ethiopia, expected to be ready for service at the end of 2018), and the 5,500km DARE cable, expected to be made available in May 2018.
There are also fibre-optic broadband links connecting Somalia across the Kenya border and linking to directly into Hormuud Telecoms network.
The forming of a new government in 2017 has given rise to hopes that the country may stabilise and become more attractive to foreign investment, which is needed to take the telecoms and broadband sector to the next level. The new government is beginning to regulate the sector and is planning to issue new spectrum licences that will allow the operation of high-speed mobile broadband technologies.
Key developments:
Somnet launches new LTE service after militants forced telcos to cut internet links;
Cabinet approves draft National Communications Bill aimed at setting a legal and regulatory framework for the telecoms sector;
Dalkom secures satellite broadband capacity from Intelsat;
SomCable completes first stage of 1,200km terrestrial backbone network;
Contracts signed to build the DARE and G2A submarine cable systems;
Orb 3 Networks signs deals with three ISPs to extend wireless internet services;
Rapid Communications reportedly awarded a mobile banking licence;
Liquid Telecom builds the countrys first fibre-optic broadband link;
Dalkom providing connectivity via the EASSy cable;
Telesom expands mobile wallet service, enables remittances from abroad;
SEACOM cable lands in Somalia;
Somtel contracts Alcatel-Lucent to develop LTE infrastructure;
Glocall Telecoms launches LTE;
Three mobile operators agree to interconnect their networks.Market penetration rates in Somalias telecoms sector - 2016Penetration of telecoms services:Penetration
Fixed-line telephony0.4%
Fixed internet1.7%
Mobile SIM (population)58.1%
Companies mentioned in this report:Dalkom; Golis Telecom; Hormuud Telecom; Nationlink; Netco; Somafone; Somtel; Telcom Somalia; Telesom; Thuraya.

Table of Contents:

1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market analysis
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
5.2 National infrastructure developments
5.3 International infrastructure
6. Mobile market
6.1 Mobile statistics
6.2 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
7. Broadband market
7.1 Internet statistics
8. Related reports
Table 1 - Country statistics - 2016 (e)
Table 2 - Fixed-line network statistics - 2016
Table 3 - Internet user statistics - 2016
Table 4 - Mobile statistics - 2016
Table 5 - National telecommunications authorities
Table 6 - Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2009
Table 7 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2018
Table 8 - International bandwidth - 2012 - 2016
Table 9 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2000 - 2018
Table 10 - Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate - 2012 - 2017
Table 11 - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
Table 12 - Internet users and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
Table 13 - Fixed broadband subscribers - 2012 - 2018
Chart 1 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2002 - 2018
Chart 2 - Internet users and penetration rate - 2005 - 2018
Exhibit 1 - Map of Somalia and Somaliland